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         FRENCH BULLDOG

Bouledogue Français - Französische Bulldogge - French Bulldog

F.C.I. N ° 101

ORIGIN: France

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 28.04.1995.

UTILIZATION: Companion dog, guard and toy.

CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group IX: Dogs allowed, Section 11 Molosoides small size.
Without working trial.




INTRODUCTION
 


Likely descendant, like all the mastiffs, the Molossian of Epire and the Roman Empire, a relative of the Bulldog of Great Britain, the Alans of the Middle Ages, and the bulldogs and pugs of France, the bulldog we know is the product of different crossings made passionate breeders of the neighborhoods of Paris in the 1880s. At that time was the companion of workers in the central market of Paris - butchers, coachmen, but soon learned to conquer the high society and the artistic world by his particular appearance and character. Thus, it spread quickly. The first breed club was founded in 1880 in Paris. The first registration dates from 1885 and the first standard was established in 1898, the year in which the French Central Canine Society recognized the French Bulldog breed. The French Bulldog was first exhibited from 1887. The standard was amended in 1931, 1932 and 1948. It was renovated in 1986 by H.F. Réant and R. Triquet (FCI publication 1987) and then in 1994 by the Committee of French Bulldog Club, with the collaboration of R. Triquet.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Molosser is a typical small. It is a sturdy dog ​​despite its small size and its small and plump proportions. His hair is short and his face is short and flat. The ears are straight and the tail is short of birth. Must have the appearance of an active animal, intelligent, very muscular, compact structure and solid bone.

BEHAVIOUR
Is sociable, cheerful, playful, athletic, awake. Particularly affectionate towards his masters and children.

HEAD
This must be very strong, broad and square, and must be covered by skin, forming almost symmetrical folds and wrinkles. The head of the bulldog is characterized by a contraction of the maxillary-nasal, the skull has gained in breadth what it lost in length.

CRANIAL REGION
Is broad, almost flat, the forehead is bulging. The brow ridges are prominent, and are separated by their particularly developed furrow between the eyes. The furrow must not extend onto the forehead. The occipital crest is hardly developed. Frontal-nasal depression (stop): Very sharp

FACIAL REGION
Nose

Broad, very short, turned up, nostrils well open and symmetrical, slanting towards the rear. The inclination of the nostrils and the nose lifted, should allow, however, a normal nasal breathing.

Muzzle
Very short, broad, with concentric symmetrical folds coming down on the upper lip (longitud1 / 6 of the total length of the head).

Jaws
Broad, square, strong. Lower jaw shows a broad curve, terminating in front of the upper jaw. With mouth closed, the prominence of the lower jaw (prognathism) is moderated by the curvature of the branches of the mandible. This curvature is necessary to avoid a too important shifting of the lower jaw.

Teeth
The lower incisors are never found behind the upper incisors. The lower incisors is rounded arch. The jaws must not show lateral deviation, nor torsion. The separation of the incisive arcades is not strictly delimited, the essential thing is that the top and bottom lip together to completely cover the teeth.

Lips
Thick, a little loose and black. The upper lip rejoins the lower in the middle, completely covering the teeth which should never be visible. The profile of the upper lip is descending and rounded. The tongue should never be visible.

Cheeks
The cheek muscles are well developed, but not outstanding.

Eyes
Lively expression, set low and well away from the nose and especially the ears. Are dark colored, quite big, well round, slightly protruding, the sclera is never visible when the animal looking straight ahead. The rims should be black.

Ears
Medium size, wide at the base and rounded at the tip are erect, set high, but not too close to each other. The pavilion is open to the front. The skin should be fine and soft to the touch.

NECK
Short and slightly arched. No dewlap.

BODY
Topline

The top line rises progressively at the spine and then descend rapidly towards the tail.

Back
Broad and muscular.

Back
Short and broad.

Rump
Is oblique.

Chest
Cylindrical and well let down. The ribs are barrel-shaped, very rounded.

Ledge
Wide.

Belly and flanks
Drawn up without excessive tuck up.

TILL
Short, set low on the rump, close to the buttocks. Thick at the base, knotted or kinked naturally and tapering at the tip. Even if the dog is alert, the tail should be below the horizontal. The relatively long tail (not reaching beyond the point of the hocks), kinked and tapering is admissible, but not desirable.

Forequarters
Seen in profile and from the front, regular aplomb.

Shoulder and arm
Short, thick, firm and visible musculature. The arm should be short, strictly elbow fitting.

Forearm
Short, wide apart, straight and muscular.

Carpal and metacarpal
Solid and short.

Feet
Round, small and are known as "cat feet." They are based firmly on the ground, turning slightly outward. The toes are compact, nails short, thick and well separated. The pads are hard, thick and black. In the brindle nails must be black. In dogs "Caille" (brindled fawns with medium white patching). In the fawn (with medium white patching or too extended) dark nails are preferred, without however penalizing the light colored.

Hindquarters
They are strong and muscular, slightly longer than the forelegs, thus raising the hindquarters. Seen in profile and from behind, have regular aplomb.

Thigh
Muscular, firm but not too round.

Hock
Quite low. Not too angular and especially not too straight.

Tarsus and metatarsus
Solid and short. The Bulldog should be born without dewclaws.

Feet
Good compact.

MOVEMENT
Step loose, the legs moving parallel to the plane of the body.


COAT
It's beautiful, satin, tight, shiny and smooth.

COLOR
Uniformly fawn, brindled or not, or white patches moderately extended.
Fawn, whether or not tabby with white patches or fairly widespread.

We accept all tawny hues, from red, through lattes. The entirely white dogs are classified under the category of "fawn brindle with white patching". If a dog has a very dark nose, dark eyes with dark eyelids, may exceptionally be tolerated some depigmentation of the face, as long as the animal is very beautiful.

SIZE AND WEIGHT
For a Bulldog in good condition, the weight must not be below 8 kg nor over 14 kg, since the size is in proportion to weight.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which is considered the degree of deviation from the standard.

• Nose tightly closed or pinched and chronic snorers.
• Lips not joining in the front.
• Light eyes.
• Gill.
• Elbows unglued.
• Straight hock or placed forward.
• Tail up, too long or abnormally short.
• mottled coat.
• Coat too long.
• Depigmentation of the lips.
• Bad Moves.

FAULTS
• Incisors visible when mouth is closed.
• Tongue visible when mouth is closed.
• stiffness in the movements of the forelimbs
• Pink spots on the face, except in the case of brindled fawns with medium white patching "Caille" and the little fawn with white patches or widespread.
• Excessive or insufficient weight.

ELIMINATING FAULTS
• Eyes heterocromos.
• Nose color is not black.
• Lip party.
• lower incisors articulating behind upper incisors.
• Canines constantly visible when the mouth is closed.
• Ears not pricked.
• Mutilation of ears, tail or dewclaws.
• Dewclaws on hindquarters.
• Colour of coat black and tan, mouse gray, or brown.
• Absence of tail.

NOTE: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.